Verbos auxiliares: be – do – have

Aunque estos verbos también se emplean como verbos plenos, en su función de auxiliares contribuyen a la formación de algunos tiempos verbales.  – Be Present Tense                  Past Tense                         Part Participle                  -ing form I am we are                        I was we were You are you are                 you were you were                       been                     being He/she/it is they are     he/she/it was they were  – Contracciones I´m = I am                                                                                                                isn´t = is not He´s/she´s/it´s = he is/she is/it is                                                                     aren´t = are not You´re/we´re/they´re = you are/we are/they are                                         wasn´t = was not Weren´t = were not  – Do ...

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Construcción de oraciones/Word Order

–          Oración afirmativa Sujeto                                                                 Verbo                                                  Complemento directo Mr Dunlop                                                         plays                                                    tennis. Susan                                                                  can speak                                           English. The children                                                      are writing                                         a test.   –          Oración negativa Sujeto                  Verbo auxiliar + not                      Verbo                   Complemento directo Mrs Dunlop        doest not/doesn´t                             play                       tennis. Peter                    can´t                                                     speak                   English The children      aren´t                                                  writing                  a test.   –          Oración interrogativa Partícula interrogativa Verbo auxiliar  Sujeto                  Verbo                   Complemento directo Can                        Peter                    speak                   English? Does                     Mr Dunlop          play                       tennis? Are                        the children       writing                 a test? What                                    has                        Mark                     lost? Where                                  is                            he                          going? How                                      did                         you                        like                        it? ...

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Preposiciones/Prepositions

 – About A book about flowers – un libro sobre flores Across Across the street – al cruzar la calle  – After After breakfast – después del desayuno  – At At seven o´clock – a las 7h en punto At nights – por las noches At home – en casa At the baker´s – en la panadería At school – en la escuela  – Because of Because of the storm – a causa de/por culpa de la tormenta  – Before Before lunch – antes del almuerzo – Behind Behind our house – detrás de nuestra casa – Between Between one ...

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Numerales/Numerals

 – Cardinales 1 one                                                   11 eleven                                           21 twenty-one 2 two                                                   12 twelve                                           22 twenty-two 3 three                                                13 thirteen                                        30 thirty 4 four                                                   14 fourteen                                       40 forty 5 five                                                    15 fifteen                                           50 fifty 6 six                                                      16 sixteen                                          60 sixty 7 seven                                                17 seventeen                                   70 seventy 8 eight                                                 18 eighteen                                       80 eighty 9 nine                                                  19 nineteen                                      90 ninety 10 ten                                                  20 twenty                                          100 (one) hundred   101 one hundred and one 347 three hundred (and) forty-seven 1,000 one thousand 3,000 three thousand 100,00 one hundred thousand 1,00,000 one million Mil millones = 1 billion – Cero Zero (en una escala): The temperature ...

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Cuantificadores/Quantifiers

– Some – any I´d like some apples. – Quisiera algunas manzanas. (Afirmación) Do you have any apples? – ¿Tiene manzanas? (Interrogación) Sorry, I haven´t got any. – Lo siento, no me queda ninguna. (Negación)  – Much, a lot of – Little (para sustantivos incontables) Much money, a lot of time (mucho dinero, mucho tiempo) Little cream, little interest (poca nata, poco interés)  – Many – few (para sustantivos contables) Many accidents, many CDs (muchos accidentes, muchos CD) Few friends, a few things (pocos amigos, pocas cosas)  – Each – every There is a TV in each room. – Hay ...

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