Home / Gramática / Verbos auxiliares: be – do – have

Verbos auxiliares: be – do – have

Aunque estos verbos también se emplean como verbos plenos, en su función de auxiliares contribuyen a la formación de algunos tiempos verbales.

 – Be

Present Tense                  Past Tense                         Part Participle                  -ing form

I am we are                        I was we were

You are you are                 you were you were                       been                     being

He/she/it is they are     he/she/it was they were

 – Contracciones

I´m = I am                                                                                                                isn´t = is not

He´s/she´s/it´s = he is/she is/it is                                                                     aren´t = are not

You´re/we´re/they´re = you are/we are/they are                                         wasn´t = was not

Weren´t = were not

 – Do

Present Tense                  Past Tense                         Past Participle                  -ing form

I do we do

You do you do                      did                                        done                                    doing

He/she/it does they do

Contracciones

Don´t = do not                 doesn´t = does not        didn´t = did not

 

 – Have

Present Tense                  Past Tense                         Past Participle                  -ing form

I have we have

You have you have               had                                       had                                       having

He/she/it has they have

 – Contracciones

I´ve/you´ve = I have/you have                                he´s/she´s/it´s = he has/she has/it has

We´ve/they´ve = we have/they have

I´d/you´d = I had/you had                                         he´d/she´d/it´d = he had/she had/it had

We´d/they´d = we had/they had

Haven´t = have not                        hasn´t = has not                              hadn´t = had not

 

 – Funciones

Mary is cooking dinner at the moment                                Present Continuous (referencia al presente)

We´re having a party tomorrow                                            Present Continuous (referencia al futuro)

The mobile was made in China                                              Passive

Do you still walk to work?                                                       Present Simple (interrogación)

I don´t know                                                                             Present Simple (negación)

Did she go to London last week?                                           Past Simple (interrogación)

He didn´t play on Saturday.                                                 Past Simple (negación)

Tony has just arrived.                                                            Present Perfect

He´s been learning English for two years.                      Present Perfect Continuous

Have you ever seen the Queen?                                          Present Perfect (Interrogación)

He had already left when I arrived.                                     Past Perfect

Deja un comentario

Uso de cookies

Este sitio web utiliza cookies para que usted tenga la mejor experiencia de usuario. Si continúa navegando está dando su consentimiento para la aceptación de las mencionadas cookies y la aceptación de nuestra política de cookies, pinche el enlace para mayor información. ACEPTAR