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Gramática

Verbos Modales

Los verbos modales carecen de infinitive y Past Participle, poseen una sola forma para todas las personas y se emplean siempre con un verbo pleno en infinitivo. She can sing                                                                    (ella) puede cantar She cannot (can´t) sing                                             (ella) no puede cruzar She could sing                                                                (ella) podia cantar She could not (couldn´t ) sing                                (ella) no podia cantar She may sing                                                                    puede que (ella) cante She may not sing                                                            puede que (ella) no cante) She might sing                                                                podría ser que (ella) cantara She might (mightn´t)  not sing                                 podría ser que (ella) no cantara She must sing                                                                  (ella) debe cantar She does …

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Verbos auxiliares: be – do – have

Aunque estos verbos también se emplean como verbos plenos, en su función de auxiliares contribuyen a la formación de algunos tiempos verbales.  – Be Present Tense                  Past Tense                         Part Participle                  -ing form I am we are                        I was we were You are you are                 you were you were                       been                     being He/she/it is they are     he/she/it was they were  – Contracciones I´m = I am                                                                                                                isn´t = is not He´s/she´s/it´s = he is/she is/it is                                                                     aren´t = are not You´re/we´re/they´re = you are/we are/they are                                         wasn´t = was not Weren´t = were not  – Do …

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Construcción de oraciones/Word Order

–          Oración afirmativa Sujeto                                                                 Verbo                                                  Complemento directo Mr Dunlop                                                         plays                                                    tennis. Susan                                                                  can speak                                           English. The children                                                      are writing                                         a test.   –          Oración negativa Sujeto                  Verbo auxiliar + not                      Verbo                   Complemento directo Mrs Dunlop        doest not/doesn´t                             play                       tennis. Peter                    can´t                                                     speak                   English The children      aren´t                                                  writing                  a test.   –          Oración interrogativa Partícula interrogativa Verbo auxiliar  Sujeto                  Verbo                   Complemento directo Can                        Peter                    speak                   English? Does                     Mr Dunlop          play                       tennis? Are                        the children       writing                 a test? What                                    has                        Mark                     lost? Where                                  is                            he                          going? How                                      did                         you                        like                        it? …

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Preposiciones/Prepositions

 – About A book about flowers – un libro sobre flores Across Across the street – al cruzar la calle  – After After breakfast – después del desayuno  – At At seven o´clock – a las 7h en punto At nights – por las noches At home – en casa At the baker´s – en la panadería At school – en la escuela  – Because of Because of the storm – a causa de/por culpa de la tormenta  – Before Before lunch – antes del almuerzo – Behind Behind our house – detrás de nuestra casa – Between Between one …

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Numerales/Numerals

 – Cardinales 1 one                                                   11 eleven                                           21 twenty-one 2 two                                                   12 twelve                                           22 twenty-two 3 three                                                13 thirteen                                        30 thirty 4 four                                                   14 fourteen                                       40 forty 5 five                                                    15 fifteen                                           50 fifty 6 six                                                      16 sixteen                                          60 sixty 7 seven                                                17 seventeen                                   70 seventy 8 eight                                                 18 eighteen                                       80 eighty 9 nine                                                  19 nineteen                                      90 ninety 10 ten                                                  20 twenty                                          100 (one) hundred   101 one hundred and one 347 three hundred (and) forty-seven 1,000 one thousand 3,000 three thousand 100,00 one hundred thousand 1,00,000 one million Mil millones = 1 billion – Cero Zero (en una escala): The temperature …

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